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Easily compare the responses of GPT-4 and Claude 3

Are you a fan of AI? This comparative article between GPT-4 and Claude 3 is for you. Find the right way to determine who finally won this fierce battle between these two renowned AIs.

How to quickly compare GPT-4 and Claude 3 Opus on Swiftask?

Swiftask is your all-in-one AI assistance platform that allows you to instantly access GPT-4 and Claude 3 Opus. To activate this feature, you need to choose the "Thanos" multi-AI. In short, Thanos is a multi-AI agent that allows you to get simultaneous responses from several different AIs with just one prompt. Thanos is composed of the following AIs:

  • Claude 3 Opus
  • GPT-4
  • and Mistral Large.

For the purposes of this test, we will only consider the responses formulated by Claude 3 Opus and GPT-4.

3 tests of power: GPT-4 vs Claude 3 Opus

In order to properly test these 2 AIs, we have concocted a series of tests to measure their performance.

Test n° 1: computer code generation

In this first test, the goal is to ask GPT-4 and Claude 3 Opus to generate a code from a single prompt. The prompt would be:

"Write a JavaScript code to create a timer. It should allow starting, pausing, and resetting the timer. For the design, use green buttons and black text."

Let's see the code generated by GPT-4:

code generated by GPT-4

Now let's see the code generated by Claude 3 Opus:

code generated by Claude 3 Opus

Finally, let's check the code on an HTML code tester:

test claude 3 opus
test gpt-4

Test n° 2: solving a technical problem

For test n°2, we will ask our AIs to solve a building problem.

Here's the prompt:

"How to calculate the amount of weight that an I-beam can support? Give examples with different sizes of I-beams and the weight they can support."

Response from Claude Opus 3:

The calculation of the maximum load that an I-beam (also known as an IPN profile) can support depends on several factors, including the size of the beam, its length, the type of steel used, and the loading conditions (uniformly distributed load, point load, etc.)

Here are some examples of maximum allowable loads for different sizes of IPN beams in S235 steel, over a span of 5 meters, with a uniformly distributed load and a safety factor of 1.5:

  • IPN 80: approximately 3.5 kN/m, or 1.75 tons for 5m span
  • IPN 100: approximately 6 kN/m, or 3 tons for 5m
  • IPN 120: approximately 9 kN/m, or 4.5 tons for 5m
  • IPN 160: approximately 17 kN/m, or 8.5 tons for 5m
  • IPN 200: approximately 27 kN/m, or 13.5 tons for 5m
  • IPN 240: approximately 40 kN/m, or 20 tons for 5m

The larger and more massive the beam, the higher its load-bearing capacity. For example, an IPN 400 can support over 110 kN/m, which is over 55 tons distributed over a 5m span.

Please note that these values are approximate. A precise calculation requires consideration of many parameters (permissible deflection, risk of buckling, shear forces, etc.). It is essential to have a calculation sheet prepared by a consulting firm to dimension a beam for a specific use.

In summary, IPN beams have a very good load-bearing capacity, which significantly increases with their size. However, a calculation by a professional is necessary to dimension them on a case-by-case basis according to the specific loads and constraints of the project.

Response from GPT-4: 

The calculation of the load capacity of an I-beam (also known as an I-section) depends on several factors, including the material of the beam, its length, the cross-sectional area (height and width), as well as the type of load (uniformly distributed or concentrated at a point) and the support method (simple spans, continuous spans, fixed ends, etc.). For an accurate estimation, it is often necessary to consult a structural engineer.

However, I can provide you with a general idea on how to proceed with a simplified estimate for a beam under a uniformly distributed load, which is a very common case.

Basic formula

A formula often used to estimate the load that a beam can support is the bending equation, which can be simplified to:

[ M = \frac{q \times L^2}{8} ]

  • (M) is the maximum bending moment in Nm (Newton-meters),
  • (q) is the uniformly distributed load on the beam in N/m (Newtons per meter),
  • (L) is the span length in meters.

It is important to note that the maximum bending moment (M) should be less than the resisting moment of the beam section, which depends on the material properties (such as the modulus of elasticity) and the geometry of the cross-section. This resisting moment can be obtained from:

[ M_{r} = W \times \sigma ]

  • (M_{r}) is the resisting moment,
  • (W) is the section modulus of the beam, in cm³ or mm³,
  • (\sigma) is the allowable stress for the material, in N/mm² or MPa.

Examples

Let's take two I-beams of different sizes as an example, with a uniformly distributed load and a simple span. Let's assume a common steel quality with an allowable stress of 235 MPa for simplicity (S235JR steel). Note that the exact values of the section moduli need to be looked up in tables for each profile.

Example 1: IPN 120 beam, L = 4 m

Length (L) = 4 m

Allowable load? Let's assume a section modulus for IPN 120 is approximately 30 cm³.

[ M_{r} = 30 \times 10^3 \times 235 = 7,050,000 , Nmm = 7,050 , Nm ]

To find the maximum uniformly distributed load (q), rearrange the bending equation:

[ q = \frac{8 \times M}{L^2} = \frac{8 \times 7,050}{4^2} = \frac{56,400}{16} = 3,525 , N/m ]

Example 2: IPN 240 beam, L = 6 m

Length (L) = 6 m

Assuming the section modulus for IPN 240 is approximately 240 cm³.

[ M_{r} = 240 \times 10^3 \times 235 = 56,400,000 , Nmm = 56,400 , Nm ]

For the uniformly distributed load:

[ q = \frac{8 \times 56,400}{6^2} = \frac{451,200}{36} = 12,533 , N/m ]

These calculations are highly simplified and do not take into account many important factors in actual design, such as beam deflection, support conditions, the presence of concentrated loads, and others. For concrete and safe designs, it is critical to consult a structural engineer who will use structural calculation software and the latest building codes to precisely determine the load capacities.

Test n° 3: finding the best solution

The third test consists of asking for the opinion of each AI (Claude 3 Opus, GPT-4) and seeing who offers the best solution.

So here's the prompt:

 "Imagine that two people want to live in a very cold place where it is -50°C. How could they survive for 30 days in these conditions? Give them advice to help them succeed."

GPT-4's response:

Living in an extremely cold environment at -50°C requires careful preparation, specialized equipment, and advanced knowledge of survival techniques in icy environments. Here are key advice and guidelines for two people planning to survive for 30 days in such conditions:

1. Insulated and heated accommodation

  • Choosing adequate shelter: Opt for a dwelling designed to effectively isolate from the cold, such as a log cabin with good insulation, or a shelter specially designed for polar environments.
  • Additional insulation: Reinforce insulation using additional materials such as animal skins (in a traditional survival context) or modern insulators like polyurethane foam.
  • Heating system: Provide a robust wood stove, oil heater, or other suitable fuel for extreme conditions, with a sufficient fuel supply for 30 days. Ensure that the shelter is equipped to properly vent smoke.

2. Adapted clothing and equipment

  • Layering clothing: Use the three-layer principle: an insulating base layer (such as merino wool), a warm mid-layer (fleece or down), and an outer waterproof and windproof layer.
  • Extreme protection for extremities: Wear gloves, wool socks, and insulated boots suitable for extreme conditions. Don't forget a hat, balaclava, and facial mask to protect the face.
  • Survival equipment: Carry a survival kit including fire starters, knife, headlamp, satellite GPS, communication radio, and batteries or solar chargers.

3. Nutrition and hydration

  • Food supply: Provide high-calorie and nutrient-rich foods. Freeze-dried foods, energy bars, and survival rations are lightweight and easy to prepare, often requiring only hot water.
  • Hydration: Liquid water is crucial; have a system for melting snow or ice using the stove or a burner. Avoid eating snow directly, as it lowers body temperature.

4. Safety and orientation

  • Emergency preparedness: Have a first aid kit suitable for extreme conditions, including medications to treat frostbite and hypothermia.
  • Navigation skills: Master the use of GPS and compass. Conditions can make visual orientation difficult.

5. Physical and mental activity

  • Maintaining regular activity: Keep active to stimulate blood circulation and maintain body temperature, but avoid excessive sweating that could quickly cool the body once immobile.
  • Mental well-being: Bring books, a journal, or games to maintain good mental health. Morale is crucial in survival situations.

6. Planning and training

  • Prior training: Undergo specialized training in survival in extreme conditions. Learn first aid, shelter building, handling special equipment, and techniques to prevent frostbite and hypothermia.
  • Emergency evacuation plan: Have a clear plan to be rescued in dangerous situations. This includes emergency communication methods, such as a satellite phone.

Conclusion

Surviving in a -50°C environment is extremely difficult and dangerous without adequate preparation. Careful planning, quality equipment, and adequate survival training are essential for meeting such a challenge.

Claude 3 Opus's response:

Here are some tips for surviving for 30 days in a place where it is -50°C:

  • Shelter: Find or build a very insulated and waterproof shelter, such as an igloo or a tent adapted to extreme cold. Seal all openings well.
  • Clothing: Wear multiple layers of insulated clothing made of synthetic materials or wool, with a windproof waterproof outer layer. Cover all parts of the body, including the head, neck, hands, and feet.
  • Fire: Provide a reliable means of making fire to warm up and melt snow for water. A wood stove is ideal. Store the wood sheltered.
  • Food: Bring high-calorie and high-fat foods like chocolate, dried fruits, peanut butter. Plan for twice as much as usual. Keep the food close to avoid it freezing.
  • Hydration: Regularly melt snow to drink enough and avoid dehydration. Drink even if you are not thirsty.
  • Activity: Move regularly to generate heat but without excessive sweating. Stretch in your shelter.
  • Sleep: Sleep close to each other to share body heat. Insulate yourself from the ground with a ground mat and use a sleeping bag suitable for extreme cold.
  • Hygiene: Clean yourself with a wipe to stay clean without getting wet. Change internal layers regularly to remove moisture.
  • Assistance: Stay attentive to each other, communicate a lot, motivate each other, and monitor each other's health. Cohesion is essential.
  • Safety: Always have a first aid kit, a radio, batteries, a map, and a compass with you. Inform relatives of your situation and position.

Follow these tips carefully and you will increase your chances of surviving 30 days in extreme cold. But keep in mind that -50°C represents very dangerous conditions. Think well before taking on such a challenge.

What do you think? 

Did you like this comparison? 

We invite you to do the same: interrogate both GPT-4 and Claude 3 Opus on the same subject, then synthesize the most relevant information provided by each of these language models. 

You will thus obtain a complete and high-quality response, making the most of the specific capabilities of these two AIs.

author

OSNI

Osni is a professional content writer

Published

April 11, 2024

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